In Patna Dental Clinic the Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a branch that involves a number of surgical procedures, which include : -
Wisdom tooth is the last tooth in the arch and is also the last one to erupt. If they are aligned properly in the arch then they need not be removed. But if they grow sideways, or emerge partially or remain trapped inside the bone it is necessary to remove them. They may cause infection which would result in swelling and pain. They can also affect adjacent tooth. Not only this, they may also disturb the natural alignment of other teeth. Therefore, an early removal of wisdom tooth is recommended.
An X-ray is first needed to evaluate the position and depth of wisdom tooth. Then during the procedure, first, anaesthesia is given to numb the area. Tooth is removed. Sutures are then given. Medication is then recommended for few days.
These are a group of problems related to complex jaw joint. The symptoms associated with the disorder may include any of the following : -
These problems may result due to stress, temporomandibular joint injury, arthritis, infection, tightening of jaw muscles or repeated clenching or grinding of teeth.
Most of these problems can be treated in initial stages. For problems related to grinding, a splint or a nightguard can be given. It helps in relaxation of muscles and also reduces pain.
In Patna Dental Clinic the Bone grafting is a surgical procedure in which synthetic material is placed beneath the gums which are then sutured back. After several months of healing bone becomes a part of patient’s jaw. After this, dental implants can be placed inside the bone. Bone grafting thereby gives chance to restore function and facial appearance.
Bone grafting can also be used to treat cases of trauma, tumour or congenital defects.
Facial trauma includes any one of the following injuries : -
A special type of mucosa is present inside the mouth which is smooth and coral pink. Any alteration in the normal structure indicates pathology. Any of the following symptoms if present need treatment : -
However, it is important to know that pain does not always occur in pathology.